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Entries in arborist (7)

Friday
Jan162015

Southern Pine Beetle – Is This the Next Evergreen Epidemic? 

In 1985, Hurricane Gloria blew through Long Island and after all of the devastation and destruction, it left behind a longer lasting legacy on one of our favorite evergreens. Up until then Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) was a Long Island favorite for screening. A little pest known as woolly adelgid has been ravaging our population of hemlocks ever since.

Now a new pest with an unknown potential for damage and devastation to our pines and spruces in addition to our already stressed hemlocks has been discovered on Long Island. The Southern Pine Beetle. This destructive little bug has worked its way north. Three separate manifestations have been noted in Suffolk County, a first for New York State. Our pine barrens and even the evergreens on our property may be at grave risk.

Southern Pine Beetle tracks on the cambium layer after bark has fallen off.Here on Long Island, the preferred host for this destructive pest is pitch pine, however all types of pine, spruce and even our currently ravaged hemlocks may be susceptible. If you have any of these evergreens on your property, be vigilant. Have your property inspected by an arborist or horticulturalist that is aware of the telltale signs that this beetle may be present. Scattershot pattern holes or popcorn shaped clumps of resin on the exterior bark of the evergreens, or an S-shaped web of tunnels under loosened bark (see picture) are a few signs to be aware of in affected trees. Affected pine trees usually show discolored needles. By the time the needles are turning color or large chunks of bark start to fall off, it may be too late to save those trees. You may be able to salvage other trees on your property with quick action.

Our certified arborists, professional landscape designers and certified nursery professionals will conduct a complimentary inspection of your evergreens to help ensure the integrity of the landscape. If you have any questions, just call our office at (631) 271-6460 or email us and we'll be happy to help you.

 

Written by Sal Masullo

Tuesday
Mar182014

Spring Landscape Preparation

Snowdrops brighten the landscape in early spring. Photo cred. Sal MasulloWinter is retreating and the dormant landscape is thawing, ready to wake up and stretch out its limbs and leaves. Start your spring cleanup early by generating a check list for you landscape.

1. Walk around your property and assess snow/ice damage to gardens and hardscape. The heavy ice and snow builds up on top of plants and the branches will break under pressure. The ice also causes freeze-thaw which results in heaving and cracking in asphalt and pavers over time.

2. Identify potential drainage problems - As the ground thaws completely, settling may occur, resulting in new pooling and damp areas. Watch out for these now!

3. Lawn Care - Your lawn may seem flattened and weak in the early spring, so lightly rake your lawn to stimulate new growth to begin, but don’t rake too hard or you can damage your lawn and cause burn spots.

Pruning your shrubs and trees in late winter/early spring is a good way to promote new growth. Goldberg and Rodler Inc. has certified arborists and horticulturalists that can help you with analyzing the integrity and health of your trees and shrubs. Some damages aren’t recognizable to the average eye, but our experts can identify the signs of stress and teach you along the way. Removing dead wood in early spring will cause shrubs and trees to grow vigorously and increase the amount of flowers. Pruning can bring shape, light and air to your overgrown trees resulting in better overall health and protecting your landscape investment. Spring is the best time to plant slow-to-root trees such as Red Maple, Flowering Dogwood, Magnolias, and Oaks because they need a full growing season to establish their root systems. This is also a great time to apply a granular time released fertilizer to your planting beds.

As your spring bulbs like daffodils, tulips and hyacinth show their colors you can start dividing your perennials and spread them out in your landscape. They will grow throughout the spring and summer giving you more color and texture in your garden and provide a great way to stretch your planting budget.

Spring is bursting with color, featuring sweeping Daffodils and Star MagnoliaFrost is still a concern in the first months of spring. Temperatures can spike in early spring but drop drastically at a moment’s notice, so if you planted tender annuals already, you will want to take precautionary measures such as covering the plants with containers or bringing potted plants indoors. It is a good idea to plant hardy annuals that can take the cold temperatures such as pansies, marigolds, and dusty miller, then transition with those plants to your summer plant pallet.

Check for insects and diseases affecting your plants. For example, you may notice little white scale eggs on your plants which are an infestation rather than a pathogen. These pests hatch and live off the bark of the tree. Plants that are frequently infested with scale eggs are Magnolia, fruiting trees and shrubs and many varieties of Euonymus. If you catch them early enough this spring, the plants can be protected by pruning the infected branches, or spraying with organic, environmentally safe horticultural oil.

Venture out and enjoy the comfortable warm temperature of spring and transition your life outdoors yet again. The amount of work to be done can be daunting so if you have any questions or require guidance, give Goldberg & Rodler a call and our friendly staff will work with you personally. 

Written by Nick Onesto

Monday
Feb032014

Strategy for Vista Enhancement

You purchased your home because you appreciate the scenic view of Long Island Sound or another beautiful vista. Congratulations, now how do you continue to enjoy that breathtaking view as the trees and shrubs grow year after year?

Before view to the water.After view to the water.

Some vistas may be seasonal due to the presence of large trees and other foliage and some may be year round.  If a view is what you want, be careful to purchase a property that  will allow you to properly maintain the trees affecting your vista. Some local villages will not allow any tree pruning or removal on steep slopes or along waterways, while some properties may have covenants that allow you to prune your trees and your neighbors to maintain your view. Caveat emptor, let the buyer beware.

Most municipalities require permits to prune or remove large trees, in addition to an up-to-date survey, a strategic vista enhancement plan prepared by a certified arborist, landscape architect or professional landscape designer. These professionals can recommend which trees to prune and which ones to remove by providing both a short and long term vista enhancement strategy.

If done properly, a well planned and maintained vista provides many years of visual enjoyment.

 

 

Our arborists and landscape design professionals can start you on the right path to developing your vista enhancement strategy. Contact us today for your complimentary consultation.

Written by Gary Carbocci, Certified Arborist

Monday
Dec092013

Winter Pruning

The structure of a tree is more pronounced in winter.With the holidays upon us it is very hard to focus our attention elsewhere. It is easy to ignore your faithful, irreplaceable trees at this time of year surrounded by holiday music, lights and family. Do I hear the pitter patter of reindeer on the roof or is that a tree limb that was not properly pruned?

Protecting your valuable shade trees from winter storms is as easy as proper pruning. Protecting your residence from the constant scraping of limbs flailing back and forth in the winter winds may help keep home maintenance costs down. A limb that ranges too close to the home will eventually rub the roof shingles or siding off of the most important member of the property, your house.

Proper pruning is one of the best things you can do to preserve trees in the landscape! In my experience as an ISA Certified Arborist, large trees that are pruned regularly may be the difference between a long life or the sudden demise of your mature shade trees. Regular or routine pruning means at least once every four years to correct structural growth and remove all visible dead wood. Regular pruning may be the difference between expensive repair bills or a happy house and trees.

There are several types of pruning that may be done for trees in the winter.

Horticultural Pruning: The judicial thinning and shaping of ornamental woody plants to allow air circulation and light penetration. Trees with intact structures may only need minor pruning to keep them separate from the house and other plants.

Structural Pruning: This type of pruning reduces weak limbs and branch attachments that can fail in heavy snow or wind. Your arborist may choose to remove a weak limb or support important structural limbs with cabling or braces to minimize the possibility of damage to the tree as a whole.

Rejuvenation Pruning: Pruning in late February and early March to rejuvenate overgrown and misshapen woody shrubs can mean the difference between renovating a landscape or redoing a landscape and starting over.

Contact us to speak to an ISA Certified Arborist today and they will help you determine a course of action for your property's trees and shrubs. Have the happiest of holidays!

Written by Gary Carbocci 

Tuesday
Nov262013

Are Your Trees Ready for Winter?

At this time of year my thoughts are on turkey and the upcoming holidays, while our faithful, irreplaceable trees are outside in the cold landscape at the mercy of the oncoming winter storms.

Proper pruning is one of the best things you can do to preserve trees in the landscape! In my experience as an ISA Certified Arborist, large trees that are pruned regularly may be the difference between a long life or the sudden demise of your mature shade trees. Regular or routine pruning means at least once every four years to correct structural growth and remove all visible deadwood.

Properly pruning a young tree will set the stage for correct long term development in the structure of a tree. This helps protect the tree against damage from heavy snow, heavy winds and ice storms. An ISA Certified Arborist is best qualified to know which trees need pruning now and which may need pruning at a later date.

Although Mother Nature will determine what will ultimately be destroyed, a tree that is well prepared may be saved by proper pruning. Each time the tree is pruned the arborist will remove limbs that are weakly attached, diseased, and/or over-burdened, leaving structurally superior limbs. This process also reduces the overall weight in the canopy. Winter pruning allows wind to move through the tree and reduces the surface area for ice and snow to collect. Decades of experience have shown me that pruned trees have a better chance at surviving the winter gauntlet. In most cases, trees not pruned or maintained properly are the ones that are dangerous and make your property susceptible to severe damage from broken limbs or fallen trees.

We will gladly provide you with an evaluation of your mature trees. Contact us today to discuss both short and long term plans for the health of the trees on your property.

Written by Gary Carbocci